Aquatic Insects of Michigan

by Ethan Bright, Museum of Zoology Insect Division and School of Natural Resources and Environment
University of Michigan

Toggle Menu

Aquatic and Semiaquatic Heteroptera (True Bugs) of Michigan

Introduction

Our current state of knowledge about distribution of Heteroptera is generally good, thanks to some good survey work by Abbott, Hungerford and others. Each family is distinctive and unique, usually with only a small number of species, but all characterized by piercing-sucking mouthparts having a segmented rostrum or beak, and a forewing consisting of a membraneous tip and a basally scleritized portion. Their mouthpart morphology is tied to the almost exclusively predatory feeding habitats. Mouthparts have been modified in Corixidae, with many species being omnivorous and having setae-studded forelimbs that facilitate filter-feeding plant matter. The presence of scent glands in many groups likely has multiple and different functions among familiies, and genera, including predator avoidance, secretion of phermones, or the general health of the insect (Cobben 1978).

Much of the information contained herein comes from a still very useful catalog of North American Heteroptera edited by Henry and Froeschner (1988), supplemented by other references and specimens in the UMMZ-Insect Division collection. As of 2008, there are about 67 genera and 424 species of aquatic and semiaquatic Heteroptera in North America (Polhemus and Polhemus 2008), of which of which 39 genera and 126 species documented in Michigan, and another 12 species that may be encountered based on their known regional distribution. Genera are denoted in green; species denoted in bold blue have been recorded in Michigan; species denoted in black bold are likely to occur in Michigan based on their known distribution with nearby state/provincial localities from which certified records have been published. You can use the Find function in your web browser to locate families, genera, and species. Synonomous species (indented) are listed below the current valid species (denoted in bold) with its taxonomic status indicated.

Key to the Aquatic and Semi-aquatic Heteroptera of Michigan

    BELOSTOMATIDAE Leach, 1815: 123 (Giant Water Bugs or Electric Light Bug)

      Benacus Stål, 1861: 205 (Subfamily Lethocerinae)
        Benacus griseus (Say, 1832: 37 as Belostoma) - Menke 1963: 267 (as L. (B.) griseus); Polhemus et al. 1988a: 54; see also Goodwyn 2006
          (syn.) Belostoma haldemanum Leidy, 1847: 66
          (syn.) Belostoma impressus Haldeman, 1852: 364
          (syn.) Belostoma harpax Stål, 1855: 240
          (syn.) Belostoma angustatum Guérin-Menéville, 1857: 176
          (syn.) Belostoma distinctum Dufour, 1863: 382
          (syn.) Belostoma ruficeps var. minor Dufour, 1863: 382

      Belostoma Latreille, 1807: 144 (Subfamily Belostomatinae)
        Belostoma flumineum Say, 1832: 12 - Polhemus et al. 1988a: 52
          (syn.) Perthostoma auranticum Leidy, 1847: 60
          (syn.) Zaitha fluminea Dufour, 1847: 388
          (syn.) Zaitha fusciventris Townsend, 1863: 55
          (syn.) Belostoma bakeri Ellis, 1952: 327
        Belostoma lutarium (Stål, 1855: 190 as Zaitha) - se MI (Hilsenhoff 1984: 33); Polhemus et al. 1988a: 52-53
          (syn.) Zaitha aurantiaca Uhler, 1886: 28
          (syn.) Belostoma aurantiacum Torre-Bueno & Brimley, 1907: 435
        Belostoma testaceum (Leidy, 1847: 66 as Perthostoma) - Polhemus et al. 1988a: 53
          (comb.) Zaitha testacea Mayr 1863: 354
          (syn.) Zaitha reticulata Haldeman, 1852: 370

      Lethocerus Mayr, 1853: 17, fig. 1 (Subfamily Lethocerinae)
        Lethocerus (Lethocerus) americanus (Leidy, 1847: 66 as Belostoma grandis var. americanum) - Menke 1963: 263; Polhemus et al. 1988a: 54-55
          (syn.) Belostoma griseum (not Say) Stål, 1861: 206, Mayr 1871: 427
          (syn.) Belostoma litigiosum Dufour, 1863: 382
          (syn.) Belostoma obscurum Dufour, 1863: 382
          (comb.) Belostoma americanum Uhler 1876: 337
          (comb.) Amorgius americanus Torre-Bueno 1905: 44
          (comb.syn.) Lethocerus obscurus Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 189
        Lethocerus (Lethocerus) uhleri (Montandon, 1896: 513 as Belostoma) - Menke 1963: 263-264; Polhemus et al. 1988a: 55
          (comb.) Amorgius (Montandonista) uhleri Torre-Bueno & Brimley 1907: 434
          (comb.) Amorgius uhleri Van Duzee 1909: 184

    CORIXIDAE Leach, 1815: 124 (Water boatman)Photo credit: <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/25258702@N04/2823049562/">Mick E. Talbot</a> / <a href="http://foter.com/Nature/">Foter</a> / <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/">CC BY</a>

      Cymatia Flor, 1860: 783 (Cymatinae)
        Cymatia americana Hussey, 1920: 80 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 118; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 12

      Callicorixa White, 1873: 62, 75 (Corixinae: Corixini)
        Callicorixa alaskensis Hungerford, 1926a: 462 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 96; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 33; UMMZ (records det. by A. Jansson, from Schoolcraft Co. (Bear Cr., T443N R13W S16, 27-July-1929 and 29-Aug-1928, leg. Lowe), Houghton Co. (Otter R., T52N R35W S25, Sum. 1949, leg. J. Leonard), Marquette Co.
          (syn.) Corixa striata var. B Kirby, 1837: 284
          (syn.) Corisa praeusta Fieber, 1848: 521
          (syn.) Callicorixa praeusta Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 194
        Callicorixa audeni Hungerford, 1928: 229 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 96; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 32
          (syn.) Callicorixa canadensis Walley, 1930a: 80

      Cenocorixa Hungerford, 1948: 564 (Corixinae: Corixini)
        Cenocorixa bifida (Hungerford, 1926b: 268 as Arctocorixa [sic]) - MN, may occur in w UP (Polhemus et al. 1988b: 97; Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 75)
        Cenocorixa dakotensis (Hungerford, 1928: 229 as Arctocorixa [sic]) WI, expect in w UP (Polhemus et al. 1988b: 97-98; Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 74)
        Cenocorixa utahensis (Hungerford, 1925a: 22 as Arctocorixa [sic]) - Chordas et al. 2002: 311; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 76

      Corisella Lundblad, 1928: 158 (Corixinae: Corixini)
        Corisella edulis (Champion, 1901: 380 as Corixa) - MN, WI, may occur in w UP (Polhemus et al. 1988b: 99; Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 22)
          (comb.) Arctocorixa edulis Van Duzee 1916: 54
          (comb.) Corisella edulis Lundblad 1928: 158
        Corisella inscripta (Uhler, 1894b: 294 as Corixa) - Chordas et al. 2002: 311
        Corisella tarsalis (Fieber, 1851a: 19 as Corisa) - Chordas and Hudson 1999: 257; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 21
          (syn.) Corixa tumida Uhler, 1877: 454
          (syn.) Arctocorisa mercenaria Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909: 196
          (comb.) Arctocorisa tarsalis Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 197
          (syn.) Arctocorixa tumida Van Duzee, 1916: 54
          (comb.) Sigara tarsalis Lundblad 1931: 86
          (syn.) Corisella atumida Walley, 1936: 62

      Dasycorixa Hungerford, 1948: 142 (Corixinae: Glaenocorisini)
        Dasycorixa hybrida (Hungerford, 1926b: 271 as Glaenocorixa) - MN, WI (expect in w. UP, see Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 14)

      Hesperocorixa Kirkaldy, 1908: 118 (Corixinae: Corixini)
        Hesperocorixa atopodonta (Hungerford, 1927: 35 as Arctocorixa) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 100; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 36; UMMZ (Mackinac Co.)
          (syn.) Corixa alternata Uhler, 1878: 446
          (syn.) Arctocorixa nitida Parshley, 1914: 140
          (syn.) Arctocorisa dubia Abbott, 1916: 342
          (comb. syn.) Arctocorixa dubia Blatchley 1926: 1072
          (comb.) Sigara (Anticorixa) atopodonta Jaczewski 1936: 43
        Hesperocorixa interrupta (Say, 1825: 328 as Corixa) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 101; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 46
          (comb.) Corisa interrupta Fieber 1851a: 27
          (comb.) Arctocorisa interrupta Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 195
          (comb.) Arctocorixa interrupta Van Duzee 1916: 54
          (comb.) Sigara interrupta Lundblad 1929a: 27
          (comb.) Sigara (Anticorixa) interrupta Jaczewski 1936: 42
        Hesperocorixa kennicottii (Uhler, 1897: 393 as Corixa) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 101; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 37
          (comb.) Arctocorisa kennicottii Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 195
          (comb.) Arctocorixa (Anticorixa) kennicottii Van Duzee 1916: 54
          (comb.) Sigara (Anticorixa) kennicottii Jaczewski 1936: 42
          (comb.) Corixa (Hesperocorixa) kennicottii Hutchinson 1940: 413
        Hesperocorixa laevigata (Uhler, 1893: 384 as Corisa) - Chordas et al. 2002: 311; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 42
          (comb.) Arctocorisa laevigata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 196
          (comb.spell.) Arctocorixa (Arctocorixa) laevigata Van Duzee 1916: 54
          (comb.) Sigara (Anticorixa) laevigata Jaczewski 1936: 42
          (comb.) Corixa laevigata Walton 1943: 161
        Hesperocorixa lobata (Hungerford, 1925b: 143 as Arctocorixa) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 101-102; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 47
          (comb.) Sigara (Anticorixa) lobata Jaczewski 1936: 42
        Hesperocorixa lucida (Abbott, 1916: 341 as Arctocorixa) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 102; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 40
          (comb.) Arctocorixa lucida Van Duzee 1917: 482; also Blatchley 1926: 1072
          (comb.) Sigara (Anticorixa) lucida Jaczewski 1936: 43
        Hesperocorixa michiganensis (Hungerford, 1926c: 196 as Arctocorixa) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 102; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 39; UMMZ (Marquette Co.)
          (comb.) Sigara (Anticorixa) michiganensis Jaczewski 1936: 43
        Hesperocorixa minorella (Hungerford, 1926c: 197 as Arctocorixa) - Hungerford, 1926: 197; Polhemus et al. 1988b: 102; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 38; UMMZ (Houghton Co.)
          (comb.) Sigara (Anticorixa) minorella Jaczewski 1936: 43
        Hesperocorixa nitida (Fieber, 1851a: 28 as Corisa.) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 102; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 44
          (comb.) Arctocorisa nitida Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 196
          (comb.) Arctocorixa nitida Van Duzee 1916: 54
          (comb.) Sigara nitida Lundblad 1929b: 300
          (comb.) Sigara (Anticorixa) nitida Jaczewski 1936: 42
        Hesperocorixa obliqua (Hungerford, 1925b: 142 as Arctocorixa) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 103; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 45
          (syn.) Sigara (Anticorixa) obliqua Jaczewski 1936: 42
        Hesperocorixa scabricula (Walley, 1936: 56 as Arctocorixa) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 103; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 41; UMMZ (Marquette Co.)
          (syn.) Corixa escheri Uhler, 1876: 75
          (comb. syn.) Arctocorisa esheri Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 195
          (comb. syn.) Arctocorixa escheri Van Duzee 1916: 54
          (comb. syn.) Hesperocorixa escheri Hungerford 1948: 519
        Hesperocorixa semilucida (Walley, 1930b: 284 as Arctocorixa) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 102; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249
          (comb. syn.) Sigara (Anticorixa) semilucida Jaczewski 1936: 43
        Hesperocorixa vulgaris (Hungerford, 1925b: 143 as Arctocorixa) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 102; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 43; UMMZ (Marquette Co.)
          (comb. syn.) Sigara (Anticorixa) vulgaris Jaczewski 1936: 42

      Palmacorixa Abbott, 1912a: 337 (Corixinae: Corixini)
        Palmacorixa buenoi Abbott, 1912b: 113 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 104; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 18
        Palmacorixa gillettei Abbott, 1912a: 337 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 104; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 16
        Palmacorixa nana Walley, 1930c: 106 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 104; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 19

      Ramphocorixa Abbott, 1912b: 120 (Corixinae: Corixini)
        Ramphocorixa acuminata (Uhler, 1897: 392 as Corixa) - MN, IL, OH (Polhemus et al. 1988b: 105; Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 30)
          (syn.) Corixa alternata Forbes, 1876: 4
          (syn.) Corisa scutellata Crevecoeur, 1905: 234
          (syn.) Ramphocorixa balanodis Abbott, 1912a: 118

      Sigara Fabricius 1775: 691 (Corixinae: Corixini)
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) alternata (Say, 1825: 329 as Corixa) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 110-111; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 82; UMMZ (Schoolcraft Co.)
          (comb.) Corisa alternata Fieber 1851a: 35
          (syn.) Corisa erichsonii Fieber, 1851a: 35
          (syn.) Corixa striata Uhler, 1876: 74
          (comb.) Arctocorisa alaternata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 194
          (comb.) Corixa alternata Abbott 1913: 87
          (comb. syn.) Arctocorisa erichsonii Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 194
          (comb. syn.) Arctocorixa erichsonii Van Duzee 1916: 54; and Blatchley 1926: 1078
          (syn.) Arctocorisa parshleyi Abbott, 1916: 342
          (comb. syn.) Arctocorixa parshleyi Van Duzee 1916: 54
          (comb. syn.) Sigara parshleyi Lundblad 1929b: 193
        Sigara (Arctosigara) bicoloripennis (Walley, 1936: 55 as Arctosigara) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 106; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 103; UMMZ (Houghton Co.)
        Sigara (Phaeosigara) compressoidea (Hungerford, 1928: 226 as Arctocorixa) - Hungerforrd 1928: 226; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 90; UMMZ (Houghton Co.)
        Sigara (Arctosigara) conocephala (Hungerford, 1926b: 270 as Arctocorixa); Hungerford 1926: 270; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 84; UMMZ (Schoolcraft Co.)
        Sigara (Allosigara) decorata (Abbott, 1916: 341 as Arctocorixa) - Chordas et al. 2002: 312; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 81; UMMZ (Schoolcraft Co.)
          (comb.) Arctocorixa decorata Van Duzee 1917: 479, and Blatchly 1926: 1071
        Sigara (Arctosigara) decoratella (Hungerford, 1926c: 195 as Arctocorixa) - Hungerford 1926: 195; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 80; UMMZ (Mackinac Co.)
          (syn.) Corisa limitata Fieber, 1851a: 35
          (syn.) Corixa alternata Parshley, 1914: 140
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) defecta Hungerford, 1948: 699 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 111; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 102
        Sigara (Phaeosigara) dolabra Hungerford & Sailer, 1943: 179 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 108; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 945
        Sigara (Pileosigara) douglasensis (Hungerford, 1926c: 196 as Arctocorixa) - Hungerford 1926: 196; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 90
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) grossolineata Hungerford, 1948: 119 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 111; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 99; UMMZ (Mackinac Co.)
          (syn.) Arctocorisa scabra Parshley, 1917: 119
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) hubbelli (Hungerford, 1928: 228 as Arctocorixa) - MN, WI, IL, IN, OH, ONT (Polhemus et al. 1988b: 111; Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 101)
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) johnstoni Hungerford, 1948: 693 - Schoolcraft Co. (UMMZ); see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 88; UMMZ (Schoolcraft Co.)
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) knighti Hungerford, 1948: 695 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 111; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 87; UMMZ (Mackinac Co.)
        Sigara (Lasiosigara) lineata (Forster, 1771: 70 as Notonecta) - Chordas and Hudson 1999: 247-248; see also Polhemus et al. 1988b: 107; Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 92)
          (syn.) Notonecta noveboracensis Gmelin, 1790: 2119
          (syn.) Corisa bilineata Provancher, 1872: 108
          (syn.) Corisa bivittata Provancher, 1888: 203
          (comb. syn.) Arctocorisa bilineata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 194
          (comb. syn.) Arctocorisa bivittata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 194
          (comb. syn.) Arctocorisa noveboracensis Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 196
          (comb. syn.) Arctocorixa bilineata Van Duzee 1916: 54, and Blatchley 1926: 1077
          (syn.) Arctocorixa lineata Van Duzee 1916: 54, and Blatchley 1926: 1079
        Sigara (Phaeosigara) mackinacensis (Hungerford, 1928: 228 as Arctocorixa) - Hungerford 1928: 228; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 89
        Sigara (Phaeosigara) macropala (Hungerford, 1926c: 196 as Arctocorixa) - Hungerford 1928: 196; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 104
          (comb.) Arctocorisa maeropala [sic.] Johnson, in Proctor 1927: 40
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) mathesoni Hungerford, 1948: 119 - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 111-112; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 98
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) modesta (Abbott, 1916: 343 as Arctocorixa) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 112; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 100
          (comb.) Arctocorixa modesta Van Duzee 1917: 482
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) mullettensis (Hungerford, 1928: 230 as Arctocorixa) - Hungerford 1928: 230; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 94; UMMZ (Houghton Co.)
          (syn.) Arctocorixa impersonata Walley, 1930d: 204
        Sigara (Arctosigara) penniensis (Hungerford, 1928: 228 as Arctocorixa) - Hungerford 1928: 228; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 83; UMMZ (Mackinac Co.)
        Sigara (Phaeosigara) signata (Fieber, 1851a: 21 as Corisa) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 109; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 97; UMMZ (Houghton Co.)
          (comb.) Arctocorisa signata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 197
          (syn.) Arctocorisa seriata Abbott, 1916: 342
          (comb.) Arctocorixa signata Van Duzee 1916: 54, and Blatchley 1926: 1074
          (comb. syn.) Arctocorixa seriata Van Duzee 1917: 483
          (syn.) Arctocorixa scabra Parshley, 1917: 119
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) solensis (Hungerford, 1926c: 198 as Arctocorixa) - Hungerford 1926: 198; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 96
        Sigara (Vermicorixa) transfigurata (Walley, 1930b: 282 as Arctocorixa) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 113; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 86
        Sigara (Lasiosigara) trilineata (Provancher, 1872: 108 as Corisa) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 107; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 93
          (syn.) Corisa trivittata Provancher, 1888: 203
          (comb.) Arctocorisa trilineata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 197
          (comb.syn.) Arctocorisa trivittata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 197
          (comb.) Arctocorixa trilineata Van Duzee 1916: 54
          (syn.) Arctocorixa lineata Walley, 1930d: 203
        Sigara (Phaeosigara) variabilis (Hungerford, 1926c: 198 as Arctocorixa) - Hungerford 1926: 198; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 85
        Sigara (Phaeosigara) zimmermanni (Fieber, 1851a: 21 as Corisa) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 110; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249
          (comb.) Arctocorisa zimmermanni Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 197, Van Duzee 1916: 54
          (syn.) Arctocorisa compressa Abbott, 1913: 83
          (comb.) Arctocorixa compressa Van Duzee 1917: 479

      Trichocorixa Kirkaldy, 1908: 117 (Corixinae: Corixini)
        Trichocorixa borealis Sailer, 1948: 308 - Chordas and Hudson 1999: 248; see also Polhemus et al. 1988b: 114; Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 26
        Trichocorixa calva (Say, 1832: 38 as Corixa) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 114; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 28
          (syn.) Corisa burmeisterii Fieber, 1851a: 24
          (comb.) Trichocorixa burmeisterii Lundblad 1931: 85
        Trichocorixa kanza Sailer, 1948: 258 - Chordas and Hudson 1999: 248
        Trichocorixa macroceps (Kirkaldy, 1908: 119 as Arctocorixa) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 114; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249
          (comb.) Corixa macroceps Abbott 1913: 86
          (syn.) Trichocorixa micronectoides Blatchley, 1926: 1085
        Trichocorixa sexcincta (Champion, 1901: 379 as Corixa) - Polhemus et al. 1988b: 115; Chordas and Hudson 1999: 249; see also Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 25
          (syn.) Arctocorisa naias Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909: 196
          (syn.) Trichocorixa championi Jaczewski, 1927: 367
          (syn.) Trichocorixa naias Sailer, 1948: 335 (see Hussey 1950)
        Trichocorixa verticalis (Fieber, 1851a: 24 as Corisa) - IN, MN, widespread (Polhemus et al. 1988b: 116; Tinerella and Gundersen 2005: 27; see also Guareschi et al. 2013 about this species' human-spread introduction to other parts of the world)
          (comb.) Corixa verticalis Abbott 1913: 87

    GELASTOCORIDAE Kirkaldy, 1897b: 258 (Toadbugs)

    Photo credit: <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/25980517@N03/6874777300/">Lynette S.</a> / <a href="http://foter.com">Foter</a> / <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/">CC BY-NC</a>
      Gelastocoris Kirkaldy 1897: 258
        Gelastocoris oculatus (Fabricius, 1798: 525 as Naucoris) - Polhemus and Polhemus 1988a: 137-138; Bright coll.
          (comb.) Galgulus oculatus Latreille 1802: 253
          (syn.) Galgulus variolatus [sic.] Rathvon, 1869: 550
          (syn.) Gelastocoris vicinus Champion, 1901: 349
          (syn.) Gelastocoris barberi Torre-Bueno, 1923a: 393
          (syn.) Gelastocoris subsimilis Blatchley, 1926: 1025
          (syn.) Gelastocoris californiensis Melin, 1929: 126

    GERRIDAE Leach, 1815: 123 (Water striders)

      Aquarius Schellenberg, 1800: 25 (subfamily Gerrinae)
        Aquarius conformis (Uhler, 1878: 435 as Hydrotrechus) - Smith 1988a: 143
          (syn.) Gerris (Hydrotrechus) conformis Torre-Bueno, 1905a: 40
          (comb.) Gerris conformis Torre-Bueno 1908: 223
        Aquarius remigis (Say, 1832: 35 as Gerris) - Smith 1988a: 143; Bright coll.
          (syn.) Gerris orba Stål, 1859: 264
          (syn.) Hygrotrechus robustus Uhler, 1871: 105
          (comb.) Hygrotrechus remigis Uhler 1872: 422
          (syn.) Hydrometra orba Walker, 1873: 152
          (syn.) Gerris robustus Walker, 1873: 165
          (comb.syn.) Gerris (Hydrotrechus) remigis Torre-Bueno 1905: 40
          (comb.syn.) Hygrotrechus orba Van Duzee 1914: 32
          (comb.syn.) Gerris (Aquarius) remigis Torre-Bueno 1911: 246
          (comb.syn.) Gerris (Aquarius) robustus Van Duzee 1916: 49
          (comb.syn.) Gerris remigis caloregon Calabrese 1974: 27
          (comb.syn.) Gerris remigis remigis Calabrese 1974: 27

      Gerris Fabricius, 1794: 187 (subfamily Gerrinae)
        Gerris alacris Hussey, 1921: 11 - Hussey 1921: 11
        Gerris argenticollis Parshley, 1916: 103 - Smith 1988a: 144
        Gerris buenoi Kirkaldy, 1911: 40 - Smith 1988a: 144
        Gerris comatus comatus Drake & Hottes, 1925a: 48 - Smith 1988a: 144
        Gerris insperatus Drake & Hottes, 1925b: 71 - IL, IN, MN, OH, ON (Smith 1988a: 145)
        Gerris marginatus Say, 1832: 36 - Smith 1988a: 145
          (comb.) Limnotrechus marginatus Uhler 1872: 423

      Limnoporus Stål, 1868: 395 (subfamily Gerrinae)
        Limnoporus canaliculatus (Say, 1832: 36 as Gerris) - Smith 1988a: 146
          (comb.) Gerris (Limnotrechus) canaliculatus Torre-Bueno 1905: 41
          (comb.) Gerris (Gerris) canaliculatus Torre-Bueno 1911: 248
        Limnoporus dissortis (Drake & Harris, 1930: 145 as Gerris) - Smith 1988a: 146

      Metrobates Uhler, 1871: 108 (subfamily Trepobatinae)
        Metrobates hesperius Uhler, 1871: 109 - Smith 1988a: 149
          (syn.) Halobatopsis beginii Ashmead, 1897: 56

      Neogerris Matsumura, 1913: 100 (subfamily Gerrinae)
        Neogerris hesione (Kirkaldy, 1902: 137 as Gerris) - Smith 1988a: 147
          (comb.) Limnogonus hesione Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 210
          (comb.) Tenagogonus hesione Van Duzee 1916: 49
          (comb.) Gerris (Tenagogonus) hesione Torre-Bueno 1921: 274
          (comb.) Gerris (Limnogonus) hesione Torre-Bueno 1925: 31
          (comb.) Limnogonus (Limnogonellus) hesione Hungerford & Matsuda 1959: 40

      Rheumatobates Bergroth, 1892: 321 (subfamily Rhagodotarsinae)
        Rheumatobates palosi Blatchley 1926: 984 as R. rileyi var. palosi - Smith 1988a: 148
        Rheumatobates rileyi Bergroth, 1892: 321 - Smith 1988a: 148

      Trepobates Uhler, 1894a: 213 (subfamily Trepobatinae)
        Trepobates inermis Esaki, 1926: 140 - Smith 1988a: 150-151
        Trepobates knighti Drake & Harris, 1928: 28 - Smith 1988a: 151
        Trepobates pictus (Herrich-Schaeffer, 1847: 111 as Halobates) - Smith 1988a: 151
          (comb.) Stephania picta White 1883: 79
        Trepobates subnitidus Esaki, 1926: 141 - Smith 1988a: 151
          (syn.) Trepobates citatus Drake & Chapman, 1953a: 111

    HEBRIDAE Amyot & Serville, 1843: xl (Velvet water bugs, sphagnum bugs)

      Hebrus Curtis, 1833: 198 (Hebrinae)
        Hebrus buenoi buenoi Drake & Harris, 1943: 52 - Polhemus and Polhemus 1998d: 153
        Hebrus burmeisteri Lethierry & Severin, 1896: 51 - Polhemus and Polhemus 1998d: 153
          (syn.) Hebrus pusillus Burmeister, 1835: 214 [preocc.]
          (comb.syn.) Naeogeus burmeisteri Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 214
      Merragata White, 1877: 113 (Hebrinae)
        Merragata brunnea Drake, 1917: 105 - Polhemus & Polhemus 1998d: 155
        Merragata hebroides White, 1877: 114 - Polhemus & Polhemus 1998d: 155
          (syn.) Merragata foveata Drake, 1917: 103
          (syn.) Merragata slossoni Van Duzee, 1921: 133

    HYDROMETRIDAE Billberg, 1820: 67 (Water treaders)

      Hydrometra Latreille, 1796: 86 (Subfamily Hydrometrinae)
        Hydrometra martini Kirkaldy, 1900: 175 - Smith 1988b: 158; Bright coll.
          (syn.) Hydrometra lineata Say, 1832: 35
          (comb.syn.) Limnobates lineata Uhler 1886: 26

    MESOVELIIDAE Douglas & Scott, 1867: 3

      Mesovelia Mulsant & Rey, 1852: 138 (Mesoveliinae)
        Mesovelia amoena Uhler, 1894a: 218 - UMMZ record; Hungerford 1924: 142; Smith 1988c: 248
          (syn.) Mesovelia douglasensis Hungerford, 1924a: 142
        Mesovelia cryptophila Hungerford, 1924b: 454 - UMMZ records; Hungerford 1924: 454
        Mesovelia mulsanti White, 1879: 268 - UMMZ records; Smith 1988c: 248; Merritt et al. 2002: 154
          (syn.) Mesovelia bisignata Uhler, 1884: 273
          (comb.syn.) Mesoretia [sic.] bisignata Crevecoeur 1905: 234
          (comb.) Mesovelia mulsanti bisignata Jaczewski 1930: 7

    NAUCORIDAE Leach, 1815: 123 (Creeping water bugs)

      Pelocoris Stål, 1876: 144 (Subfamily Naucorinae)
        Pelocoris femoratus (Palisot de Beauvois, 1820: 237 as Naucoris) - Uhler 1876: 71; Polhemus and Polhemus 1988b: 526-527; Bright coll.
          (syn.) Naucoris poeyi Uhler, 1876: 71
          (syn.) Pelocoris carolinensis Hungerford, 1927b: 77

    NEPIDAE Latreille, 1802: 252 (Water scorpions)

      Nepa Linnaeus, 1758: 440 (subfamily Nepinae)
        Nepa apiculata Uhler, 1862: 12 - Polhemus 1988a: 530; Sites and Polhemus 1994: 32-33, 38; Bright coll.; see also Hungerford 1922: 428-429
          (syn.) Nepa cinerea Ferrari, 1888: 189

      Ranatra Fabricius, 1790: 227 (subfamily Ranatrinae)
        Ranatra fusca Palisot de Beauvois, 1820: 235 - Polhemus 1988a: 531; Sites and Polhemus 1994: 33-34, 38; Bright coll.; see also Hungerford 1922: 444-445
          (syn.) Nepa 4-dentata [sic] Uhler, 1872: 471
          (syn.) Ranatra quadridentata Uhler, 1876: 72
          (syn.) Ranatra americana Montandon, 1910a: 65
        Ranatra kirkaldyi Torre-Bueno, 1905b: 187 - Polhemus 1988a: 531; Sites and Polhemus 1994: 34-35, 38; Bright coll.; see also Hungerford 1922: 440-442
          (misid.) Ranatra fusca Montandon 1910a: 63
        Ranatra nigra Herrich-Schaeffer, 1849: 32 - Sites and Polhemus 1994: 35, 38; Bright coll.
          (misid.) Ranatra fusca Uhler, 1876: 72
          (syn.) Ranatra protensa Montandon, 1910a: 185

    NOTONECTIDAE Leach, 1815: 124 (Backswimmers)

      Buenoa Kirkaldy, 1904: 120
        Buenoa confusa Truxal, 1953: 1453 - Truxel 1953: 1453-1459; Polhemus and Polhemus 1988e: 534
          (syn.) Anisops elegans Torre-Bueno, 1905a: 46
          (comb.syn.) Buenoa elegans Torre-Bueno 1908: 238
        Buenoa limnocastoris Hungerford, 1923: 150 - Truxel 1953: 1450-1453; Polhemus and Polhemus 1988e: 535
        Buenoa macrotibialis Hungerford, 1924c: 225 - Hungerford 1924: 225; Truxel 1953: 1446-1449; Polhemus and Polhemus 1988e: 535
        Buenoa margaritacea Torre-Bueno, 1908: 238 - Truxel 1953: 1397-1404; Polhemus and Polhemus 1988e: 535
          (syn.) Anisops platycnemis Uhler, 1884: 253

      Notonecta Linnaeus, 1758: 439
        Notonecta borealis Hussey, 1919: 15 - Hussey 1919: 15; Hungerford 1933: 95-97
        Notonecta insulata Kirby, 1837: 285 - Hungerford 1933: 84-87
          (syn.) Notonecta rugosa Fieber, 1851c: 476
          (syn.) Notonecta rugosa var. bicolor Fieber, 1851c: 476
          (syn.) Notonecta rugosa var. plagiata Fieber, 1851c: 476
          (syn.) Notonecta rugosa var. cordigera Fieber, 1851c: 476
          (syn.) Notonecta impressa Kirkaldy, 1897a: 403 (not Fieber)
          (syn.) Notonecta insulata var. geala Kirkaldy, 1897a: 404
          (syn.) Notonecta insulata var. odara Kirkaldy, 1897a: 404
        Notonecta irrorata Uhler, 1878: 443 - Hungerford 1933: 92-95; Polhemus and Polhemus 1988e: 538
        Notonecta lunata Hungerford, 1926d: 12 - Polhemus and Polhemus 1988e: 539; see also Hungerford 1933: 107-109
          (preocc.) Notonecta variabilis var. maculata Fieber, 1851c: 477
          (syn.) Notonecta americana Smith, 1900: 144
        Notonecta undulata Say, 1832: 39 - Hungerford 1933: 117-123 - Polhemus and Polhemus 1988e: 540
          (syn.) Notonecta punctata Fieber, 1851c: 476
          (syn.) Notonecta undulata var. charon Kirkaldy, 1897a: 411

    PLEIDAE Fieber, 1851b: 27 (Pygmy backswimmers)

      Neoplea Esaki & China, 1928: 166
        Neoplea striola (Fieber, 1844: 296 as Plea) - Polhemus 1988b: 609; Bright coll.

    SALDIDAE Amyot & Serville, 1843: xlix (Shore bugs)
    This is a tenative list, based on the author's search for records in the UMMZ-Insect Division collection on August 20, 2003 (most identified by R. F. Hussey, C. J. Drake, and T. Schuh), and distribution citations in Henry and Froeschner (1988).

      Micracanthia Reuter, 1912: 16 (Saldinae)
        Micracanthia bergrothi (Jakovlev, 1883: 304 as Salda) - Polhemus 1988c: 674
          (syn.) Micracanthia ripula Drake, 1957: 142
        Micracanthia fennica (Reuter, 1884: 171 as Salda) - northern Nearctic, expect in northern MI (Polhemus 1988c: 674)
        Micracanthia floridana Drake & Chapman 1953b: 64 - UMMZ records; Polhemus 1988c: 674
        Micracanthia humilis (Say, 1832: 35 as Acanthia) - UMMZ records

      Pentacora Reuter, 1912: 10 (Chiloxanthinae)
        Pentacora ligata (Say, 1832: 34 as Acanthia) - Polhemus 1988c: 668
          (syn.) Salda pellita Uhler, 1877: 433
          (syn.) Salda vagator Snow, 1906: 153 [nom.nud.]
          (comb.) Salda hirta Lethierry and Severin 1896: 218
          (comb.syn.) Saldula pellita Van Duzee, 1916: 50
          (comb.syn.) Pentacora pellita Torre-Bueno 1923b: 411

      Salda Fabricius, 1803: 113 (Saldinae)
        Salda anthracina Uhler, 1877: 438 - Polhemus 1988c: 669
          (comb.) Acanthia anthracina Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 175
          (comb.) Lampracanthia anthracina Torre-Bueno 1923b: 416
        Salda buenoi (McDunnough, 1925: 259 as Saldula) - Polhemus 1988c: 669-670
          (syn.) Salda lugubris Strickland 1953: 203
        Salda littoralis (Linnaeus, 1758: 442 as Cimex) - IL?, IN? (expect in n. UP, Nearctic and Palaearctic)
          (comb.) Acanthia littoralis Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 177
        Salda lugubris (Say, 1832: 34 as Acanthia) - Polhemus 1988c: 670
          (syn.) Salda major Provancher, 1872: 107
          (syn.) Salda lugubris Uhler, 1876: 67
          (syn.) Salda deplanata Uhler, 1877: 442
          (comb.syn.) Acanthia deplanata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 176
          (syn.) Acanthia major Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno, 1909: 177
          (comb.) Saldula lugubris Van Duzee 1916: 50
          (comb.syn.) Saldula major Van Duzee 1916: 50
          note: Henry and Froeschner (1998: 670) note that some older specimens noted as Salda coriacea Uhler, 1872 may be this species
        Salda obscura Provancher, 1872: 107 - Polhemus 1988c: 670
          (comb.) Acanthia obscura Kirkaldy and Torre-Bueno 1909: 177
          (syn.) Salda littoralis Van Duzee, 1916: 50 [in part]
          (comb.syn.) Saldula (Acanthia) obscura McDunnough 1925: 257
          (syn.) Saldula major Van Duzee, 1916: 50
        Salda provancheri Kelton & Lattin, 1968: 664 - Polhemus 1988c: 670-671
          (syn., nom.nud.) Acanthia coriacea Rathvon, 1869: 550
          (syn.) Salda coriacea Uhler, 1872: 421
          (syn.) Sciodopterus bouchervillei Provancher, 1888: 192
          (comb.syn.) Acanthia bouchervillei Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 175
          (comb.syn.) Acanthia coriacea Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 176
          (comb.syn.) Lampracanthia coriacea Torre-Bueno 1923c: 150
          (comb.syn.) Salda bouchervillei Hussey 1948: 153

      Saldoida Osborn, 1901: 181 (Saldinae)
        Saldoida turbaria Schuh, 1967: 12 - Schuh 1967: 12

      Saldula Van Duzee, 1914: 32 (Saldinae)
        Saldula ablusa Drake & Hottes, 1954: 6 - Polhemus 1988c: 676
        Saldula bouchervillei (Provancher, 1872: 106 as Sciodopterus) - Polhemus 1988c: 677; UMMZ specimens
          (syn.) Salda separata Uhler, 1878: 432
          (comb.) Acanthia bouchervillei Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 175
          (comb.syn.) Acanthia separata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 178
          (syn.) Saldula illinoiensis Drake, 1949: 2
          (comb.) Salda bouchervillei Drake 1952: 145
        Saldula confluenta (Say, 1832: 35 as Acanthia) - Polhemus 1988c: 677-678
        Saldula nigrita Parshley, 1921: 23 - Polhemus 1988c: 679; UMMZ specimens
        Saldula opacula (Zetterstedt, 1840: 268 as Salda) - Polhemus 1988c: 679; UMMZ specimens
        Saldula orbiculata (Uhler, 1877: 450 as Salda) - Polhemus 1988c: 680; UMMZ specimens
          (comb.) Acanthia orbiculata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 177
        Saldula pallipes (Fabricius, 1794: 71 as Acanthia) - Polhemus 1988c: 680; UMMZ specimens
          (syn.) Acanthia interstitialis Say, 1825: 324
          (comb.syn.) Salda interstitialis Uhler 1871: 105
          (comb.) Salda pallipes Uhler 1877: 446
          (syn.) Salda reperta Uhler, 1877: 447
          (comb.syn.) Saldula interstitialis Van Duzee 1914: 50
          (comb.syn.) Saldula reperta Van Duzee 1916: 50
          (syn.) Saldula chipetae Drake & Hottes, 1955: 6
        Saldula palustris (Douglas, 1874: 10 as Salda) - Polhemus 1988c: 680-681
        Saldula saltatoria (Linnaeus, 1758: 448 as Cimex) - Polhemus 1988c: 681 (notes that some records may pertain to undescribed species)
          (comb.) Acanthia saltatoria Stål 1873: 149
          (comb.) Salda saltatoria Uhler 1876: 68
          (syn.) Saldula c-album Drake & Hottes, 1950: 59

      Teloleuca Reuter, 1912: 17 (Saldinae)
        Teloleuca bifasciata (Thomson, 1871: 404 as Salda) - boreal, expect in UP (Polhemus 1988c: 671)
          (syn.) Acanthia bellatrix Torre-Bueno, 1924a: 298
        Teloleuca pellucens (Fabricius, 1779: 234 as Acanthia) - ON, northern, expect in UP (Polhemus 1988c: 671-672)
          (syn.) Salda elongata Uhler, 1877: 448
          (comb.syn.) Acanthia elongata Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 176
          (syn.) Chartoscirta (Chartolampra) cursitans Torre-Bueno, 1923c: 151
          (syn.) Acanthia celeripedis Torre-Bueno, 1924a: 296
          (comb.syn.) Salda celeripedis Strickland 1953: 202

    VELIIDAE Amyot & Serville, 1843: 418 (Smaller water striders, riffle bugs)

      Microvelia Westwood, 1834: 647 (subfamily Microveliinae)
        Microvelia (Microvelia) albonotata Champion, 1898: 129 - Smith 1988d: 737; UMMZ records
          (syn.) Rhagovelia capitata Torre-Bueno, 1908: 233
        Microvelia (Kirkaldya) americana (Uhler, 1884: 274 as Hebrus)- Smith 1988d: 736; UMMZ records
        Microvelia (Microvelia) buenoi Drake, 1920a: 20 - Smith 1988d: 737; UMMZ records
        Microvelia (Microvelia) fontinalis Torre-Bueno, 1916: 58 - Smith 1988d: 738; UMMZ records
        Microvelia (Microvelia) hinei Drake, 1920b: 207 - Smith 1988d: 738; UMMZ record
          (syn.) Microvelia borealis Hungerford, 1920: 137
        Microvelia (Microvelia) pulchella Westwood, 1834: Pl. 6, fig. 5 - Smith 1988d: 738-739; UMMZ
          (syn.) Microvelia capitata Guérin-Méneville, 1857: 174
          (syn.) Rhagovelia incerta Kirby, 1890: 548
          (syn.) Microvelia robusta Uhler, 1894a: 219
          (syn.) Microvelia incerta Kirkaldy, 1899: 95
          (syn.) Microvelia borealis Torre-Bueno, 1916: 59
        [Note: there is a Michigan record in the UMMZ-Insect Division collection for Microvelia (Microvelia) portociensis Hussey, 1955: 120 (synonom of Microvelia cubana Drake, 1951: 41), which has a distribution from Florida, Cuba and the Dominican Republic. Although this species can be widely distributed by hurricanes and other weather patterns, this record, far outside its known distribution, should be considered doubtful until thoroughly checked].

      Rhagovelia Mayr, 1865: 445 (subfamily Rhagoveliinae)
        Rhagovelia (Rhagovelia) obesa Uhler, 1871: 107 - UMMZ records; Smith 1988d: 740; Polhemus 1997: 349-350, 358
          (syn.) Rhagovelia arctoa Torre-Bueno, 1924b: 250
          (syn.) Rhagovelia flavicincta Torre-Bueno, 1924b: 249
        Rhagovelia (Rhagovelia) oriander Parshley, 1922: 19 - UMMZ records; Smith 1988d: 740; Polhemus 1997: 350-351, 359

    Top of Page

    References
      Abbott JE. 1912a. A new type of Corixidae (Ramphocorixa balanodis, n. gen., et sp.) with an account of its life history. The Canadian Entomologist 44: 113-120, pl. IV. PDF.
      Abbott JE. 1912b. A new genus of Corixidae (Hemip.). Entomological News 23: 337-339, plate 18. VIEW.
      Abbott JE. 1913. Corixidae of Georgia. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 8: 81-91. VIEW.
      Abbott JE. 1916. New species of Corixidae. Entomological News 27: 340-342.
      Amyot CJB, Serville JGA. 1843. Histoire naturelle des insectes. Hémiptères, in "Suites a Buffon." Fain et Thunot, Paris. LXXVI + 675+8 pp. [Atlas], 12 pls. VIEW.
      Andersen NM. 1990. Phylogeny and taxonomy of water striders, genus Aquarius Schellenberg (Insecta, Hemiptera, Gerridae), with a new species from Australia. Steenstrupia 16(4): 37-81.
      Ashmead WH. 1897. A new water-bug from Canada. The Canadian Entomologist 29: 56.
      Bergroth E. 1892. Note on the water-bug, found by Rev. J. L. Zabriskie. Insect Life 4: 321. VIEW.
      Blatchley WS. 1926. Heteroptera or True Bugs of Eastern North America, with especial reference to the faunas of Indiana and Florida. Nature Publishing Company, Indianapolis. 1116 pp. VIEW.
      Billberg GJ. 1820. Enumerato insectorum. Typis Gadelianis, Stockholm. 138 pp. VIEW.
      Burmeister HCC. 1835-1839. Handbuch der Entomologie. Tome 2. T. Enslin, Berlin. 1835, Abtheil 1: i-xii, 1-400; 1838, Abtheil 2 (Erste Halfte): 397-759 [page numbers overlap with Abtheil 1]; 1839, Abtheil 2 (Zweite Halfte): 757-1050.
      Calabrese DM. 1974. Population and subspecific variation in Gerris remigis Say. Entomological News 85: 27-28.
      Champion GC. 1897-1901. Insecta: Rhynchota (Hemiptera-Heteroptera). Volume II in Goodwin and Salvin (eds.), Biologia Centrali-Americana. London. xvi + 416 pp, 22 pls. [1897: 1-32; 1898: 33-192; 1899: 193-304; 1900: 305-344; 1901: i-xvi + 345-416].
      Chordas SW III, Hudson PL. 1999. A list of Michigan Corixidae (Hemiptera) with four new state records from the Great Lakes of Michigan. Entomological News 110(4): 246-250.
      Chordas, SW III, Chapman EG, Hudson PL, Chriscinske MA, Stewart RL Jr.. 2002. New midwestern state records of aquatic Hemiptera (Corixidae: Notonectidae). Entomological News 113(5): 310-314.
      Cobben RH. 1978. Evolutionary trends in Heteroptera. Part II. Mouthpart-structures and feeding strategies. Mededelingen Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 78(5): 1-407.
      Crevecoeur FF. 1905. Additions to the list of the hemipterous fauna of Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 19: 232-237.
      Curtis J. 1824-1840. British entomology : being illustrations and descriptions of the genera of insects found in Great Britain and Ireland: containing coloured figures from nature of the most rare and beautiful species, and in many instances of the plants upon which they are found. London, 16 Volumes + 769 plate-sheets. 1824, 1: 1-5; 1825, 2: 51-98; 1826, 3: 99-146; 1827, 4: 147-194; 1828, 5: 195-241; 1829, 6: 242-289; 1830, 7: 290-337; 1831, 8: 338-383; 1832, 9: 384-433; 1833, 10: 434-481; 1834, 11: 482-529; 1835, 12: 530-577; 1836, 13: 578-625; 1837, 14: 626-673; 1838, 15: 674-721; 1839, 16: 722-769; 1840, index.
      Douglas JW. 1874. British Hemiptera - additional species. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 1st Series, 11: 9-12, 142-144.
      Douglas JW, Scott J. 1867. British Hemiptera: additions and corrections. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 4: 1-6, 45-52, 93-100.
      Drake CJ. 1917. A survey of the North American species of Merragata. Ohio Journal of Science 17: 101-105.
      Drake CJ. 1920a. An undescribed water-strider from the Adirondacks. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 15: 19-21.
      Drake CJ. 1920b. Water striders new to the fauna of Ohio, including the description of a new species. Ohio Journal of Science 20: 205-208.
      Drake CJ. 1949. Concerning North American Saldidae (Hemiptera). Arkiv för Zoologi Experimentale et Generale 42B: 1-4.
      Drake CJ. 1951. New neotropical water-striders (Hemiptera-Veliidae). Great Basin Naturalist 11: 37-42.
      Drake CJ. 1952. Alaskan Saldidae (Hemiptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 54: 145-148.
      Drake CJ. 1957. An undescribed shore-bug from Manitoba (Hemiptera, Saldidae). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 56: 142-143.
      Drake CJ, Chapman HC. 1953a. A new species of Trepobates Uhler from Florida (Hemiptera: Gerridae). Florida Entomologist 36: 109-112.
      Drake CJ, Chapman HC. 1953b. An undescribed saldid from the Gulf states (Hemiptera: Saldidae). Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 48: 64-66.
      Drake CJ, Harris HM. 1928. Three new gerrids from North America (Hemip.). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 41: 25-29.
      Drake CJ, Harris HM. 1930. A wrongly identified American water-strider. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 25: 145-146.
      Drake CJ, Harris HM. 1943. Notas sobre Hebridae del hemisferio occidental (Hemiptera). Notas del Museo de La Plata, Zoologia 8: 41-58.
      Drake CJ, Hottes FC. 1925a. Four undescribed species of water-striders (Hemip.-Gerridae). Ohio Journal of Science 25: 46-50.
      Drake CJ, Hottes FC. 1925b. Five new species and a new variety of water-striders from North America (Hemiptera-Gerridae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 38: 69-74.
      Drake CJ, Hottes FC. 1950. Saldidae of the Americas (Hemiptera). Great Basin Naturalist 10: 51-61.
      Drake CJ, Hottes FC. 1954. Synonymic data and description of a new saldid (Hemiptera). Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 553: 1-5.
      Drake CJ, Hottes FC. 1955. Concerning Saldidae (Hemiptera) of the Western Hemisphere. Boletín de Entomología Venezolana 12: 1-12.
      Dufour L. 1863. Essai monographique sur les Bélostomides. Annales de la Société entomologique de France (4)3: 373–400.
      Esaki T. 1926. The water-striders of the subfamily Halobatinae in the Hungarian National Museum. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 23: 117-164.
      Esaki T, China WE. 1928. A monograph of the Helotrephidae, subfamily Helotrephinae (Hem. Heteroptera). EOS, Revista Española de Entomología 4: 129-172.
      Fabricius JC. 1775. Systema entomologiae: sistens insectorvm classes, ordines, genera, species, adiectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibvs, observationibvs. Korte, Flensbvrgi et Lipsiae [=Flensburg and Leipzig]. xxvii + 832 pp.
      Fabricius JC. 1779. Reise nach Norwegen mit Bemerkungen aus der Naturhistorie und Oekonomie. C.E. Sohn, Hamburg. 388 pp + index.
      Fabricius JC. 1790. Nova genera insectorum. Kiöbenhavn, Skrifter af Naturhistorie-Selskabet 1: 213-228.
      Fabricius JC. 1794. Classis X. Ryngota, pp. 1-229 in Entomologia systematica emendata et aucta, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus. C. G. Proft, Hafniae 4. i-vi, 1-472.
      Fabricius JC. 1798. Classis XII. Rhyngota, pp. 511-546 in Supplementum entomologiae systematicae. Proft et Storch, Hafniae [=Copenhagen]. 572 pp.
      Fabricius JC. 1803. Systema Rhyngotorum secundum ordines, genera, species adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. Carolum Reichard, Brunsvigae [=Braunschweig]. x + 314 pp. + 1 [emendanda].
      Ferrari E, von. 1888. Die Hemipteren-Gattung Nepa Latr. (sens. natur.). Annalen des Kaiserlich-Koniglichen Naturhistorischen Hofmuseum in Wien 3: 161-194, pls 8-9.
      Fieber FX. 1844. Entomologische Monogrpahien. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften in Prag, Series 5, 3: 279-416.
      Fieber FX. 1848. Synopsis aller bisher in Europa entdeckten Arten der Gattung Corisa. Bulletin de la Société impériale des naturalistes de Moscou 21: 505-539, pl. 10.
      Fieber FX. 1851a. Species generis Corisa monographice despositae. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften in Prag, Series 5, 7: 213-260, 2 pls.
      Fieber FX. 1851b. Genera Hydrocoridum secundum ordeinem naturalem in Familias disposita. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften in Prag, Series 5, 7: 181-212, 4 pls.
      Fieber FX. 1851c. Rhynchotopgraphieen. Abhandlungen der Kongliga Bohmischen Gesellschaft Wissenschaften in Prag, Series 5, 7: 425-486.
      Flor G. 1860-1861. Die Rhynchoten Livlands in systematischer Folge beschreiben. Erster Theil: Rhynchota frontirostria Zett. (Hemiptera Heteroptera Aut.). Archiv für die Naturkunde Liv, Ehst und Kurlands, II Serie, Biologische Naturkunde. Carl Schulz, Dorpat. Band I: 1-826 (1860); band II: 1-638 (1861).
      Forbes SA. 1876. List of Illinois Crustacea, with descriptions of new species. Bulletin of the Illinois Museum of Natural History 1: 4-5.
      Forster JR. 1771. Novae species insectorum; Centuria 1. London. viii + 100 pp.
      Gmelin JF. 1790. Hemiptera, in Caroli a Linné Systema Naturae. Edition 13, 1(4): 1520, 1523, 2041-2224.
      Guareschi S1, Coccia C, Sánchez-Fernández D, Carbonell JA, Velasco J, Boyero L, Green AJ, Millán A. 2013. How far could the alien boatman Trichocorixa verticalis verticalis spread? Worldwide estimation of its current and future potential distribution. PLoS One 8(3): e59757. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0059757. 8 pp. PDF
      Guérin-Menéville C. 1857. Orthoptera et Hemiptera de l’Île de Cuba, in De La Sagra R. (ed.), Histoire physique, politique et naturelle de l’Île de Cuba 2 (7): 136–182. Paris (Bertrand).
      Haldemann SS. 1852. Descriptions of some new species of insects, with observations on described species. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 6: 361-365.
      Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). 1988. Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Herrich-Schaeffer GAW. 1836-1853. Die Wanzenartigen Insecten. Getreu nach der Natur abgebildet und beschrieben. Vol. 3: 33-114 (1836); Vol. 4: 1-32 (1837); Vol. 5: 5: 1-60 (1839); Vol. 5: 61-108 (1840); Vol 6: 1-36 (1840); Vol. 6: 37-72 (1841); Vol. 6: 73-118 (1842); Vol. 7: 1-16 (1842); Vol 7: 17-40 (1843); Vol. 7: 41-134 (1844); Vol. 8: 1-48 (1845); Vol. 8: 49-100 (1846); Vol. 8: 101-130 (1847); Vol. 9: 1-44 (1849); 45-256 (1850); 257-358 (1851); ["historischer übersicht" und "index"] 1-210 (1853). J. L. Lotzebeck, Nürnberg.
      Hilsenhoff WL. 1984. Aquatic Hemiptera of Wisconsin. The Great Lakes Entomologist 17(1): 29-50.
      Hilsenhoff WL. 1986. Semiaquatic Hemiptera of Wisconsin. The Great Lakes Entomologist 19(1): 7-19.
      Hungerford HB. 1920. The biology and ecology of aquatic and semiaquatic Hemiptera. University of Kansas Science Bulletin 11: 1-328 (1919).
      Hungerford HB. 1922. The Nepidae in North America north of Mexico. The Kansas University Science Bulletin 14(18): 425-469.
      Hungerford HB. 1923. A new species of the genus Buenoa (Hemiptera, Notonectidae). Entomolocial News 34: 149-152.
      Hungerford HB. 1924a. A new Mesovelia with some biological notes regarding it (Hemiptera - Mesoveliidae). The Canadian Entomologist 56: 142-144.
      Hungerford HB. 1924b. A second new Mesovelia from the Douglas Lake, Michigan Region (Hemiptera - Mesoveliidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 17: 453-456.
      Hungerford HB. 1924c. Stridulation of Buenoa limnocastoris Hungerford and systematic notes on the Buenoa of the Douglas Lake Region of Michigan, with the description of a new form (Notonectidae-Hemiptera). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 17: 223-226, 1 pl.
      Hungerford HB. 1925a. Notes on some North American corixids from the southwest. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 20: 17-25.
      Hungerford HB. 1925b. A study of the interrupta-harrisii group of the genus Arctocorixa with descriptions of the new species (Hemiptera-Corixidae). Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 20: 141-145.
      Hungerford HB. 1926a. Some undescribed Corixidae from Alaska. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 19: 461-463.
      Hungerford HB. 1926b. Some new Corixidae from the north. The Canadian Entomologist 58: 268-272.
      Hungerford HB. 1926c. Some new records of aquatic Hemiptera from northern Michigan with the description of seven new Corixidae. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 21: 194-200, 1 pl.
      Hungerford HB. 1926d. Some Notonecta from South America. Psyche 33: 11-16.
      Hungerford HB. 1927a. Arctocorixa atopodonta, a new name for Arctocorixa dubia Abbott. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 22: 35.
      Hungerford HB. 1927b. The life history of the creeping water bug, Pelocris carolinensis Bueno (Naucoridae). Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 22: 77-83.
      Hungerford HB. 1928. Some Corixidae of the northern states and Canada. The Canadian Entomologist 60: 226-230.
      Hungerford HB. 1933. The genus Notonecta of the world (Notonectidae-Hemiptera). The University of Kansas Science Bulletin 21: 5-195.
      Hungerford HB. 1948. The Corixidae of the Western Hemisphere (Hemiptera). University of Kansas Science Bulletin 32: 1-827. PDF
      Hungerford HB, Matsuda R. 1959. Concerning the Genus Limnogonus and a new subgenus (Heteroptera: Gerridae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 32: 40-41.
      Hungerford HB, Sailor RI. 1943. A new corixid from Minnesota. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 37: 179-180 (1942).
      Hussey RF. 1919. The waterbugs (Hemiptera) of the Douglas Lake region, Michigan. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology 75. 23 pp.
      Hussey RF. 1920. An American species of Cymatia (Corixidae, Hemiptera). Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 15: 80-83, 1 pl.
      Hussey RF. 1921. Distributional notes on Hemiptera, with the description of a new Gerris. Psyche 28: 8-15.
      Hussey RF. 1948. A necessary change of name (Hemiptera: Saldidae). Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 43: 153.
      Hussey RF. 1950. Two synonymic notes (Hemiptera: Coreidae, Corixidae). Entomological News 61(1): 12-13.
      Hussey RF. 1955. Some records of Hemiptera new to Florida. Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Science 18: 120-122.
      Hutchinson GE. 1940. A revision of the Family Corixidae of India and adjacent regions. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 33: 339-476, 36 pls.
      Jaczewski T. 1927. Annales Zoologici Musei Polonici Historiae Naturalis 6(3): 367, footnote 2.
      Jaczewski T. 1930. Notes on the American species of the genus Mesovelia Muls. (Heteroptera, Mesoveliidae). Annales Musei Zoologici Polonici 9: 3-12, 3 pls.
      Jaczewski T. 1936. Notes on Corixidae (Hem.). Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London, Series B, 5: 34-43.
      Jakovlev VE. 1883. Hemiptera-Heteroptera des Gouverments Irkutsk. Horae Societas Entomologica Rossicae 17(3-4): 282-310. [Text in Russian, descriptions in German].
      Johnson CW. 1927. The insect fauna with reference to the flora and other biological features, pp. 9-247 in Proctor W, Biological Survey of the Mount Desert Region. Part I. Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, Philadelphia. 247 pp.
      Kelton LA, Lattin JD. 1968. On the Saldidae types in the Provancher Collection, and a new name for Salda coriacea Uhler (Heteroptera). Naturliste Canadien 96: 661-666.
      Kirby W. 1837. Order Hemiptera Latr., pp. 275-285 in Richardson's Fauna Boreali-Americana or the Zoology of the Northern Parts of British America. J. Fletcher, Norwich. 4: i-xxxix + 1-325 pp., plates 1-8.
      Kirby WF. 1890. Insecta, excepting Coleoptera, pp. 530-548 in Ridley HN, Notes on the zoology of Fernando Noronha. The Journal of the Linnean Society, Zoology 20: 473-570. VIEW.
      Kirkaldy GW. 1897a. Revision of the Notonectidae. Part I. Introduction, and systematic revision of the genus Notonecta. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1897: 393-426.
      Kirkaldy GW. 1897b. Synonymic notes on aquatic Rhynchota. The Entomologist 30: 258-260.
      Kirkaldy GW. 1899. Sur quelques Hémiptères aquatiques nouveaux ou peu connus. Revue d'Entomologie 18: 85-96, 7 figs.
      Kirkaldy GW. 1900. Recent notes on Hydrometra martini, Kir. = lineata, Say. Entomologist 33: 175-176.
      Kirkaldy GW. 1902. Miscellanea Rhynchotalia. -No.3. Entomologist 35: 136-138.
      Kirkaldy GW. 1904. Über Notonectiden (Hemiptera). Wiener Entomologische Zeitung 23: 93-135.
      Kirkaldy GW. 1908. Notes on Corixidae No. 1 [Hem.]. The Canadian Entomologist 40: 117-120.
      Kirkaldy GW. 1911. A new species of Gerris (Hemip.). Entomological News 22: 246.
      Kirkaldy GW, Torre-Bueno JR de la. 1909. A catalogue of American aquatic and semiaquatic Hemiptera. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 10 (1908): 173-215.
      Latreille PA. 1796. Précis des caractères génériques des Insects, disposés dans un ordre Naturel. Bordeaux. xii + 201 pp.
      Latreille PA. 1802. Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes : ouvrage faisant suite aux oeuvres de Leclerc de Buffon, et partie du cours complet d'histoire naturelle rédigé par C. S. Sonnini. F. Dufart, Paris 3. i-xii, 13-468; 4: 1-387.
      Latreille PA. 1807. Genera crustaceorum et insectorum secundum ordinem naturalem in familias disposita, iconibus exemplisque plurimis explicata. Parisiis et Argentorati, Amand Koenig, 280 pp.
      Lauck DR. 1964. A monograph of the genus Belostoma (Hemiptera). Part III. B. Triangulum, bergi, minor, bifoveolatum and flumineum groups. The Bulletin of the Chicago Academy of Sciences 11(5): 102-154.
      Leach WE. 1815. Entomology, pp. 57-172 in Brewster D (ed.), The Edinburgh Encyclopaedia. Volume 9, Edinburgh, 766 pp.
      Leidy J. 1847. History and anatomy of the hemipterous genus Belostoma. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 2nd Series 1: 57-67, 1 pl.
      Lethierry LF, Severin G. 1893-1896. Catalogue général des hémiptères. R. Friedlander and Fils, Bruxelles and Berlin. [Pentatomidae, 1893, 1: i-x, 1-286; Correidae, Berytidae, Lygaeidae, Pyrrhocoridae, 1894, 2: 1-277, i-iii; Tingidae, Phymatidae, Aradidae, Hebridae, Hydrometridae, Henicocephalidae, Saldidae, Aepophilidae, Ceratocombidae, Cimicidae, Anthocoridae, 18965, 3: 1-275.].
      Linnaeus C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, sysnonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae [=Stockholm] 1: 1-823, i-iii. [Hemiptera, pp. 434-457].
      Lundblad O. 1928. Drei neue Corixidengattungen. Zoologischer Anzeiger 70: 148-163, 17 figs.
      Lundblad O. 1929a. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Corixiden. II. Entomologisk Tidskrift 50: 17-48, pls. II-V.
      Lundblad O. 1929b. Zur Kenntnis dreier wenig bekannter amerikanischer Corixiden. Zoologischer Anzeiger 80: 193-204.
      Lundblad O. 1931. Über die Corixiden des zoologischen Museum in Halle, nebst einer Ubersicht der Gattung Trichocorixa. Zoologischer Anzeiger 96: 85-95.
      Matsumura S. 1913. Thousand insects of Japan. Additamenta. I. 184 pp + pls. XI-XV.
      Mayr GL. 1853. Zwei neue Wanzen aus Kordofan, Limnogeton fieberi u. Lethrocerus cordofanus. Verhandlungen der zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 2 (1852): 14-18, 1 pl.
      Mayr GL. 1863. Hemipterologische Studien. Die Belostomiden. Verhandlungen der zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 13: 339-364, 1 pl.
      Mayr GL. 1865. Diagnosen neuer Hemipteren. 2. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Koniglichen Zoologische-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 15: 429-446.
      Mayr GL. 1871. Die Belostomiden. Monographisch bearbeitet. Verhandlungen der zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 21: 379-440.
      McDunnough J. 1925. Notes on Saldula obscura Prov. with description of a new species (Hemiptera). The Canadian Entomologist 57: 257-260.
      Melin D. 1929. Hemiptera from South and Central America. I. (Revision of the genus Gelastocoris and the American species of Monomyx). Zoologiska Bidrag Fran Uppsala 12: 151-198.
      Menke AS. 1963. A review of the genus Lethocerus in North and Central America, including the West Indies (Hemiptera: Belostomatidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 56: 261-267.
      Merritt RW, Benbow ME, Hudson PL. 2002. Wetland macroinvertebrates of Prentiss Bay, Lake Huron, Michigan: diversity and function group comparison. The Great Lakes Entomologist 35(2): 149-160.
      Montandon AL. 1896. Hémiptères-Hétéroptères exotiques. Notes et descriptions. Annales de la Société entomologique de Belgique 40: 508–520.
      Montandon AL. 1910a. Hydrocorises de l'Amérique du Nord. Notes et descriptions d'espèces nouvelles. Bulletin de la Société des Sciences de Bucarest-Roumanie 18: 180-191 (1909).
      Montandon AL. 1910b. Notes sur quelques formes Nord-Américains du genre Ranatra (Hem.). Bulletin de la Société des Sciences de Bucarest-Roumanie 19: 62-67.
      Mulsant E., Rey C. 1852. Description de quelques Hémiptères Hétéroptères nouveaux ou peu connus. Annales de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon. pp. 76-141.
      Osborn H. 1901. New genus including two new species of Saldidae. The Canadian Entomologist 33: 181-182.
      Palisot de Beauvois AMFJ. 1820-1821. Insectes recueillis en Afrique et en Amerique, dans les Royaumes d'Oware et de Benin, à Saint-Dominique et dans les Etats-Unis, pendant les années 1786-1797. Levrault, Paris. xvi + 276 pp.
      Parshley HM. 1914. List of the Hemiptera-Heteroptera of Maine. Psyche 21: 139-149.
      Parshley HM. 1916. New and noteworthy Hemiptera from New England. Entomological News 27: 103-106.
      Parshley HM. 1917. Fauna of New England. 14. List of the Hemiptera - Heteroptera. Occasional Papers of the Boston Society of Natural History 7: 1-125.
      Parshley HM. 1921. A report on some Hemiptera from British Columbia. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, Systematic Series 18: 13-24.
      Parshley HM. 1922. Report on a collection of Hemiptera-Heteroptera from South Dakota. South Dakota State College Technical Bulletin 2: 1-22.
      Perez Goodwyn PJ. 2006. Taxonomic revision of the subfamily Lethocerinae Lauck & Menke (Heteroptera: Belostomatidae). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde Serie A (Biologie) 695: 1-71.
      Polhemus DA. 1988a. Family Pleidae Fieber, 1851. The Pygmy Backswimmers, pp. 608-610 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Polhemus DA. 1988b. Family Nepidae Latreille, 1802. The Water Scorpions, pp. 528-532 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Polhemus DA. 1997. Systematics of the genus Rhagovelia Mayr (Heteroptera: Veliidae) in the Western Hemisphere (xxclusive of the angustipes complex). Thomas Say Publications in Entomology: Monographs. ii + 368 pp.
      Polhemus DA, Polhemus JT. 1988a. Family Gelastocoridae Kirkaldy, 1897. The Toad Bugs, pp. 136-139 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Polhemus DA, Polhemus JT. 1988b. Family Naucoridae Leach, 1815. The Creeping Water Bugs, pp. 521-527 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Polhemus DA, Polhemus JT. 1988c. Family Ochteridae Kirkaldy, 1906. The Velvety Shore Bugs, pp. 541-543 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Polhemus JT. 1988c. Family Saldidae Amyot and Serville, 1843. The Shore Bugs, pp. 665-681 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Polhemus JT, Polhemus DA. 1988d. Family Hebridae Amyot and Serville, 1843. The Velvet Water Bugs, pp. 152-155. in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Polhemus JT, Polhemus DA. 1988e. Family Notonectidae Latreille, 1802. The Backswimmers, pp. 533-540 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Polhemus JT, Polhemus DA. 2008. Global diversity of true bugs (Heteroptera; Insecta) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595: 379-391.
      Polhemus JT, Polhemus DA, Henry TJ. 1988a. Family Belostomatidae Leach, 1815. The Giant Water Bugs or Electric Light Bugs, pp. 47-55 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Polhemus JT, Froeschner RC, Polhemus DA. 1988b. Family Corixidae Enderlein, 1915. The Coreid Bugs, pp. 93-118 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Provancher L. 1872. Description de plusieurs Hémiptères nouveaux. Hétéroptères. Naturaliste Canadien 4: 73-79, 103-108, 319-320, 350-352, 376-379.
      Provancher L. 1885-1890. Petite faune entomologique du Canada et particulierement de la province de Quebec. Volume 3. Cinquieme Ordre les Hemipteres. Naturaliste Canadien 1885: 1-64; 1886: 65-112; 1887: 113-184; 1888: 185-204; 1889: 205-282; 1890: 283-354, pls. 1-5.
      Rathvon SS. 1869. Entomology, pp. 521-572 in Mombert JI, An Authentic History of Lancaster County in the State of Pennsylvania. J. E. Barr and Co., Lancaster, Pennsylvvania.
      Reuter OM. 1884. Finlands och den Skandinaviska Halföns Hemiptera Heteroptera. Entomologische Tidskrift 5: 173-184.
      Reuter OM. 1912. Zur generischen teilung der palaarktischen und nearktischen Acanthiaden. Öfversight af Finska Vetenskaps-Societetens Fördhandlangar 52A(12): 1-24.
      Sailer RI. 1948. The genus Trichocorixa (Corixidae, Hemiptera), pp. 289-407 in Hungerford HB, The Corixidae of the Western Hemisphere (Hemiptera). University of Kansas Science Bulletin 32: 1-827.
      Say T. 1825. Descriptions of hemipterous insects collected in the expedition to the Rocky Mountains, performed by order of Mr. Calhoun, Secretary of War, under command of Major Long. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 4(2): 307-345.
      Say T. 1832. Descriptions of new species of heteropterous Hemiptera of North America. Indiana, New Harmony, 39 pp.
      Schellenberg JR. 1800. Das Geschlect der Land- und Wasserwanzen, nach Familien geordnet mit Abbildungen. Orell, Zurich. 32 pp.
      Schuh RT. 1967. The shore bugs (Hemiptera: Saldidae) of the Great Lakes Region. Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 2: 1-35.
      Sites RW, Polhemus JT. 1994. Nepidae (Hemiptera) of the United States and Canada. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 87(1): 27-42.
      Smith CL. 1988a. Family Gerridae Leach, 1815. The Water Striders, pp. 140-155 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Smith CL. 1988b. Family Hydrometridae Billberg, 1820. The Marsh Treaders, pp. 156-158 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Smith CL. 1988c. Family Mesoveliidae Douglas and Scott, 1867. The Water Treaders, pp. 247-248 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Smith CL. 1988d. Family Veliidae Amyot and Serville, 1843. The Small Water Striders, pp. 734-742 in Henry TJ, Froeschner RC. (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill: Leiden. 958 + xix.
      Smith JB. 1900. Insects of New Jersey. Heteroptera, pp. 115-145 in A list of the species occurring in New Jersey, with notes on those of economic importance. Supplement to the Twenty-Seventh Annual Report of the State Board of Agriculture (1899). 755 pp.
      Snow FH. 1906. Some results of the University of Kansas entomological expeditions to Arizona in 1904 and 1905. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 20: 155-181.
      Stål C. 1855. Nya Hemiptera. Öfversigt af Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 12(4): 181-192.
      Stål C. 1859. Hemiptera. Species novas descripsit, pp. 219-298, pl.3-4 in Kongliga Svenska Fregattens Eugenies Resa Ombring Jorden. III. (Zoologi, Insekter).
      Stål C. 1861. Nova methodus familias quasdam Hemipterorum disponendi. Öfversigt af Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 18(4): 195-212.
      Stål C. 1868. Synopsis Hydrobatidum Suecia. Öfversigt af Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 25(6): 395-398.
      Stål C. 1876. Enumeratio Naucoridarum, in Enumeratio Hemipterorum. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 14(4): 141-147.
      Strickland EH. 1953. An annotated list of the Hemiptera (s.l.) of Alberta. The Canadian Entomologist 85: 193-214.
      Thompson CG. 1871. Öfversigt af Sveriges Salda-arter. Opuscula Entomologica 4: 403-409.
      Tinerella PP, Gundersen RW. 2005 The water boatmen (Insecta: Heteroptera: Corixidae) of Minnesota. Schafer-Post Series: North Dakota Insects, Publication 23. vii + 119 p.
      Torre-Bueno JR, de la. 1905a. A list of certain families of Hemiptera occurring within seventy miles of New York. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 13: 29-47.
      Torre-Bueno JR, de la. 1905b. The three Ranatras of the north-eastern United States. The Canadian Entomologist 37: 187-188.
      Torre-Bueno JR, de la. 1908. Hemiptera Heteroptera of Westchester County, N. Y. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 16: 223-238.
      Torre-Bueno JR, de la. 1911. The gerrids of the Atlantic states (sub-family Gerrinae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 37: 243-252.
      Torre-Bueno JR, de la. 1916. The Veliinae of the Atlantic states (sub-family Gerrinae). Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 11: 52-61.
      Torre-Bueno JR, de la. 1921. New records of aquatic Hemiptera for the United States, with description of new species. Entomological News 32: 273-276.
      Torre-Bueno JR, de la. 1923a. Family Nerthridae, pp. 392-396 in Britton WE (ed.), Guide to the insects of Connecticut. Part IV. The Hemiptera of sucking insects of Connecticut. Connecticut Geological and Natural History Survey 34: 1-807, 20 pls.
      Torre-Bueno JR, de la. 1923b. Family Saldidae (Acanthiidae), pp. 408-416 in Britton WE (ed.), Guide to the insects of Connecticut. Part IV. The Hemiptera of sucking insects of Connecticut. Connecticut Geological and Natural History Survey 34: 1-807, 20 pls.
      Torre-Bueno JR, de la. 1923c. A saldid genus new to the United States and a new species, with notes on other water bugs from the Adirondacks. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 18: 149-154.
      Torre-Bueno JR, de la. 1924a. Three Canadian Acanthiidae (Saldidae, Heteroptera). The Canadian Entomologist 57: 296-300.
      Torre-Bueno JR, de la. 1924b. The nearctic Rhagoveliae (Heteroptera; Veliidae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 50: 243-252.
      Torre-Bueno JR, de la. 1925. Methods of collecting, mounting and preserving Hemiptera. The Canadian Entomologist 57: 6-10, 27-32, 53-57.
      Torre-Bueno JR de la, Brimley CS. 1907. On some heteropterous Hemiptera from N. Carolina. Entomological News 18: 433-443.
      Truxal FS. 1953. A revision of the genus Buenoa (Hemiptera Notonectidae). The University of Kansas Science Bulletin 35,2(11): 1351-1523.
      Uhler PR. 1862. Hemiptera, pp. 11-12, 192-256, pl. I, in Harris TW, A treatise on some of the insects injurious to vegetation. W. White, Boston. xi + 640 pp.
      Uhler PR. 1871. Descriptions of Hydrotrechus robustus, Corixa decolor and Salda interstitialis Say, in Packard AS, Jr., On insects inhabiting salt water. No. 2. American Journal of Sciences and Arts, Series 3(1): 100-110.
      Uhler PR. 1872. Notices of the Hemiptera of the western territories of the United States, chiefly from the surveys of Dr. F. V. Hayden, in Hayden FV, Preliminary Report of the United States Geological Survey of Montana and Portions of Adjacent Territores 5: 392-423 (1871).
      Uhler PR. 1876. List of the Hemiptera of the region West of Mississippi river, including those collected during the Hayden explorations of 1873. Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories (1): 1-97, 3 pls.
      Uhler PR. 1877. Report on the insects collected by P.R. Uhler during the explorations of 1875, including monographs of the families Cydnidae and Saldae, and the Hemiptera collected by A.S. Packard, Jr., M.D. Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographic Survey of the Territories 3: 355-475, 765-801, pls. 27-28.
      Uhler PR. 1878. Notices of the Hemiptera Heteroptera in the collection of the late T. W. Harris, M.D. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 19: 365-446.
      Uhler PR. 1884. Order VI. --Hemiptera. Volume II, pp. 204-296 in Kinglsey JS (ed.), The Standard Natural History. S. E. Cassino & Co., Boston, Massachusetts.
      Uhler PR. 1886. Check-list of the Hemiptera Heteroptera of North America, Kahrs, Brooklyn, N.Y. i + 32 pp.
      Uhler PR. 1893. Summary of the collection of Hemiptera secured by Mr. E. A. Schwarz in Utah. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 2: 366-385.
      Uhler PR. 1894a. On the Hemiptera-Heteroptera of the island of Grenada, West Indies. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1894, Part II: 167-224.
      Uhler PR. 1894b. Observations upon the heteropterous Hemiptera of Lower California, with descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the California Academy of Science, Series 2, 4: 223-295.
      Uhler PR. 1897. Contributions towards a knowledge of the Hemiptera-Heteroptera of N. America. Transactions of the Maryland Academy of Science 1: 383-394.
      Van Duzee EP. 1909. Observations on some Hemiptera taken in Florida in the spring of 1908. Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences 9: 149-230.
      Van Duzee EP. 1914. A preliminary list of the Hemiptera of Sand Diego County, California. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 2: 1-57.
      Van Duzee EP. 1916. Check list of the Hemiptera (excepting the Aphididae, Aleurodidae and Coccidae) of America, North of Mexico. New York Entomological Society, New York. xi + 111 pp.
      Van Duzee EP. 1917. Catalogue of the Hemiptera of America north of Mexico excepting the Aphididae, Aleurodidae and Coccidae. University of California Publications, Technical Bulletins, Entomology 2: i-xvi + 1-902.
      Van Duzee EP. 1921. Characters of some new species of North American hemipterous insects, with one new genus. Proceedings of the California Academy of Science, Fourth Series 11: 111-134.
      Walker F. 1867-1873. Catalogue of the specimens of Heteropterous-Hemiptera in the collection of the British Museum. 8 parts. British Museum, London. [1867, 1:1-240, 2: 241-417; 1868, 3: 419-599; 1871, 4: 1-211; 1872, 5: 1-202; 1873, 6: 1-210; 7: 1-213; 8: 1-220].
      Walley GS. 1930a. Heteroptera from the north shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. The Canadian Entomologist 62: 75-81.
      Walley GS. 1930b. Notes and descriptions of species of Arctocorixa from Ontario and Quebec (Hemip., Corixidae). The Canadian Entomologist 62: 280-286.
      Walley GS. 1930c. A review of the genus Palmacorixa Abbott (Hemip., Corixidae). The Canadian Entomologist 62: 99-106.
      Walley GS. 1930d. A new Arctocorixa with a note on synonymy (Hemipt., Corixidae). Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 25: 203-206.
      Walley GS. 1936. New North American Corixidae with notes (Hemiptera). The Canadian Entomologist 68: 55-63.
      Walton GA. 1943. The natural classification of the British Corixidae (Hemip.). Transactions for the Society for British Entomology 8: 155-168.
      Westwood JO. 1834. Memoire sur les genres Xylocoris, Hylophila, Micmphysa, Leptopus, Velia, Microvelia et Hebrus, avec quelques observations sur les Amphibicorisae de M. Dufour et sur l'état imparfait, mais identique de certaines espèces. Annales de la Société entomologique de France (1)3: 637-653, pl. 6, fig. 5.
      White FB. 1873. Notes on Corixa. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 10: 60-63, 75-80.
      White FB. 1877. Description of new species of heteropterous Hemiptera collected in the Hawaiian Islands by the Rev. T. Blackburn. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 4, 10: 110-114.
      White FB. 1879. List of the Hemiptera collected in the Amazons by Prof. J.W.H. Trial, M.A., M.D., in the years 1873-1875, with descriptions of the new species. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 4: 267-276.
      White FB. 1883. Report on the pelagic Hemiptera procured during the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger in the years 1873-76, in Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. Zoology. Volume VII. London. 82 pp, 3 pls.
      Zetterstedt JW. 1838-1840. Insecta Lapponica descripta. Sumtibus Leopoldi Voss, Lipsiae [=]. 1139 pp. VIEW.
    Page edits:
      June 04, 2017
      • Updated species list with citations, numerous corrections to entries, added taxonomic citations to reference section
      January 07, 2013
      • Removed Limnoporus rufoscutellatus from list as a likely candidate, as this Palearctic species it is found in northwestern North America
      • Added Belostoma testaceum to Michigan list, cited in Polhemus et al. 1988a
      November 04, 2012
      • Beginning to keep track of changes to the web site pages
      • Removed individual pages for families into one long list, families accessed from left menu via anchor redirects within page
    Page created: October 29, 2002 - Last updated: June 16, 2017 (EB)